Читать статью 'Западная экспертная оценка возможностей и перспектив военного сотрудничества с государствами Центральной Азии' в журнале Международные отношения на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng За 365 дней одобрено статей: 1615,   статей на доработке: 243 отклонено статей: 279 
Библиотека
ваш профиль

Костюхин А.А. Западная экспертная оценка возможностей и перспектив военного сотрудничества с государствами Центральной Азии

Опубликовано в журнале "Международные отношения" в № 1 за 2013 год в рубрике "РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЕ КОНФИГУРАЦИИ МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫХ ОТНОШЕНИЙ" на страницах 55-79.

Аннотация: Регион Центральной Азии, в который сейчас принято включать бывшие союзные республики СССР, а ныне независимые государства Казахстан, Узбекистан, Киргизию, Таджикистан и Туркмению , в течение последнего десятилетия XX — начала XXI вв. является одним из наиболее важных центров сосредоточения геостратегических интересов ведущих мировых держав. В последние годы этот регион все больше привлекает внимание поли-тиков, ученых и военных стратегов. Это обусловлено в первую очередь его геополитическим положением и наличием богатых природных ресурсов, особенно нефти и газа. Туркменистан обладает большими залежами нефти, газа, калийной и каменной соли, цветных и редкоземельных металлов. В Узбекистане находятся крупные месторождения природного газа, бурого и каменного угля, золота, меди, вольфрама, висмута, нефти. В Казахстане имеются большие запасы урана, свинца, цинка, хрома, золота, меди, висмута, молибдена, нефти, фосфоритов, бокситов, железа, марганца. В Киргизии найдены золото, сурьма, ртуть, уголь, нефть и газ. В Таджикистане сосредоточены месторождения урана, нефти и газа. Большинство стран региона занимают ведущие места в Азии по производству электроэнергии, продукции химической промышленности, металлургии.

Ключевые слова: политология, международные отношения, центральная азия, военное сотрудничество, конфликты, НАТО, США, безопасность, национальные интересы, политика.

DOI: 10.7256/2305-560X.2013.01.8

Эта статья может быть бесплатно загружена в формате PDF для чтения. Обращаем ваше внимание на необходимость соблюдения авторских прав, указания библиографической ссылки на статью при цитировании.

Скачать статью

Библиография:
1. Yapp M. Tradition and Change in Central Asia in: Shirin Akiner (ed.). Р. 1-10.
2. Ferdinand F. The New Central Asia and its Neighbours, London, Pinter Publishers. Р. 1.
3. Dannreuther R. Creating New States in Central Asia // Adelphi Papers 288. International Institute for Strategic
Studies. Brassey’s, London. Р. 42.
4. Азия и Африка сегодня. 1994. № 6. С. 24.
5. Страны мира: Энциклопедический справочник. Смоленск, 2001.
6. S. Frederick Starr, “Making Eurasia Stable,” Foreign Affairs, January/February 1996, vol. 75, no.1, pp. 80-92.
7. Zbigniew Brzezinski. The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives, (New York:
Basic Books, 1997), pp. 123-150.
8. Davis, Jacquelyn & Sweeney, Michael. Central Asia in U.S. Strategy and Operational Planning: Where Do We Go
From Here? // The Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, Washington DC, 2004 // URL: www.ifpa.org/pdf/S-RCentral-
Asia.pdf.
9. Charles Fairbanks, C. Richard Nelson, S. Frederick Starr, and Kenneth Weisbrode, Strategic Assessment of Central
Eurasia, (Washington, DC: The Atlantic Council of the United States and the Central Asia and Caucasus Institute,
January 2001), 131 pp., www.acus.org/Publications/Default.htm.
10. Faultlines of Conflict in the Caucasus and Central Asia: Implications for the U.S. Army, Olga Olikar and Thomas
Szayna, eds., (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2003), 407 pp., www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1598/index.html.
11. Vernon Loeb, “New Bases Reflect Shift in Military: Smaller Facilities Sought for Quick Strikes,” Washington Post,
June 9, 2003, p. A01.
12. Geoffrey Kemp, “The Persian Gulf Remains the Strategic Prize,” Survival, vol. 40, no. 4, (Winter 1998-99), pp. 132-149.
13. Martha Brill Olcott, “The Caspian’s False Promise,” Foreign Policy, no. 111 (Summer 1998), pp. 95-112.
14. Amy Myers Jaffe and Robert Manning, “The Myth of the Caspian ‘Great Game’: The Real Geopolitics of Energy,”
Survival, vol. 40, no. 4, (Winter 1998-99), pp. 112-131.
15. Amy Myers Jaffe, Unlocking the Assets: Energy and the Future of Central Asia and the Caucasus, (Rice University:
James A. Baker, III Institute for Public Policy, April 1998), 26 pp.
16. Persian Gulf Energy Fact Sheet, April 2003, www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/pgulf.html.
17. Caspian Sea: Key Oil and Gas Statistics, August 2003, www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/caspstats.html.
18. George W. Bush, Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People, September 20, 2001, the U.S.
Capitol, Washington, DC, www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010920-8.html.
19. Paul Wolfowitz, Winning the Battle of Ideas: Another Front in the War on Terror, Georgetown Iden Lecture,
Georgetown University Walsh School of Foreign Service, Washington, DC, October 30, 2003, www.defenselink.mil/
speeches/2003/sp20031030-depsecdef0642.html
20. Bernard Lewis, “The Revolt of Islam,” The New Yorker, November 19, 2001, archived online at www.newyorker.
com/fact/content/?011119fa_FACT2.
21. George W. Bush, Remarks by the President at the 20th Anniversary of the National Endowment for Democracy, U.S.
Chamber of Commerce, Washington, DC, November 6, 2003, www.ned.org/events/anniversary/oct1603-Bush.html.
22. The Threat Posed from the Convergence of Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking, and Terrorism, Testimony by Frank
Cilluffo, Deputy Director, Global Organized Crime Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies before the
House Judiciary Committee, Subcommittee on Crime, December 13, 2000, www.csis.org/hill/ts001213cilluffo.html.
23. Pierre-Arnoud Chouvy, “Opiate Smuggling Routes from Afghanistan to Europe and Asia,” Jane’s Intelligence
Review, March 2003, p. 28-31.
24. “Chapter VII: Southwest Asia,” International Narcotics Strategy Report, U.S. Department of State, Bureau for
International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Activities, March 2003, p. 6.
25. Chouvy, “Opiate Smuggling Routes from Afghanistan to Europe and Asia”.
26. U.S. Government Assistance to and Cooperative Activities with Eurasia, “Chapter II: Country Assessments —
Uzbekistan,” Released by the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, U.S. Department of State, January 2003,
available at www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt/23630.htm.
27. Farida Harba, “U.S. Economic Assistance to Greatly Expand under Economic Cooperation Agreement,” Eurasianet,
December 10, 2001, www.eurasianet.org/departments/business/articles/eav121001.shtml.
28. Sandra I. Erwin, “War on Terrorism Tests Logisticians’ Skills,” National Defense Magazine, July 2002, www.
nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=839.
29. United States-Uzbekistan Declaration on the Strategic Partnership and Cooperation Framework, U.S. State
Department Fact Sheet, March 12, 2002, www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2002/8736.htm.
30. Jackson Diehl, “Our Cold War Hangover,” The Washington Post, March 18, 2002, p. A17, Lexis-Nexis.
31. Robert Wall, “MH-47 Crews Detail Conflict’s Exploits, Woes,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, April 15, 2002,
www.aviationnow.com/content/publication/awst/20020415/aw22.htm.
32. Military Balance 2002-2003, (London: Oxford University Press, October 2002), pp. 127-137.
33. Kenley Butler. Central Asian Military Bases. Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) at the Monterey Institute of
International Studies, cns.miis.edu/research/wtc01/cabases.htm.
34. “Yankees Go Home, Some Kyrgyz Say,” in RFE/RL Central Asia Report, 28 February 2002, vol. 2, no. 8, compiled
by Adam Albion, available at www.rferl.org/centralasia/2002/02/8-280202.asp.
35. “U.S. to use Kazakh Bases,” in RFE/RL Central Asia Report, May 2, 2002, vol. 2, no. 17, compiled by Adam Albion,
www.rferl.org/centralasia/2002/05/17-020502.asp.
36. Davis, Jacquelyn & Sweeney, Michael. Central Asia in U.S. Strategy and Operational Planning: Where Do We Go
From Here? Р. 53.
37. Ahmed Rashid, “Safe Haven for the Taliban,” Far Eastern Economic Review, October 16, 2003, pp. 19-21.
38. Anatol Lieven, “The Pressures on Pakistan,” Foreign Affairs, January/February 2002, vol. 81, no. 1, p. 106, Lexis-
Nexis.
39. Ian Storey, “Indo-U.S. Strategic Ties on the Upswing,” Jane’s Intelligence Review, March 2003, pp. 40-43.
40. Peter Wonacott, “China Lines up Oil Deals Far Afield,” Wall Street Journal, December 19, 2003, Section A, p. 13,
Lexis-Nexis.
41. Antoine Blua, “Kazakhstan: Hu’s Visit Highlights China’s Growing Interest in Central Asia,” RFE/RL Weekday
Magazine, June 4, 2003, www.rferl.org/nca/features/2003/06/04062003161258.asp.
42. Годы, которые изменили Центральную Азию. — М.: ЦСПИ, 2009. — С. 191.
43. Central Asia and the Transition In Afghanistan/ A Majority Staff Report prepared for the use of the Committee on
Foreign Relations United States Senate. One hundred twelfth Congress, first session. December 19, 2011. P. 4. —
http://www.fdsys.gpo.gov
44. Roger N. McDermott and William D. O’Malley, “Countering Terrorism in Central Asia,” Jane’s Intelligence Review,
October 2003, pp. 16-19.
45. Central Asia and the Transition In Afghanistan. P. 4.
46. Central Asia and the Transition In Afghanistan/ A Majority Staff Report prepared for the use of the Committee on
Foreign Relations United States Senate. One hundred twelfth Congress, first session. December 19, 2011. — http://
www.fdsys.gpo.gov
47. Годы, которые изменили Центральную Азию. С. 280.
48. Mohammed Arshad. Top U.S. diplomat Nicholas Burns to retire. Reuters. 2008. Jan. 18; Pakistan’s Nuclear Future:
Worries Beyond War / Ed. Henry D. Sokolski. — Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College. January, 2008.
P. 167-218.
49. Analysis: U.S. Aims to Edge Out Russia in Big Arms Sales to India. Reuters, Washington. 2007. Dec. 26, http://www.
defensenews.com/story.php?F=3271166&C=america
50. United States and India. A Shared Strategic Future / Council on Foreign Relations. Aspen Institute India. Joint Study
Group Report. — Washington: Council on Foreign Relations, September, 2011. P. 4.

Правильная ссылка на статью:
просто выделите текст ссылки и скопируйте в буфер обмена